Tajweed is an Arabic word that means “to improve”. The root letters of the word Tajweed are “j-w-d” which means enhancement or to improve something. When it comes to Quran and its recitation Tajweed means to recite every letter of the Quran with its dues of characteristics and rights and following the rules that apply to these letters in different situations. Tajweed is a science developed to help and assist the reciter to recite the Quran more accurately.
Importance of Tajweed:
We can realize the importance of Tajweed by knowing the fact that Allah has revealed the Quran with the rules of Tajweed i.e. when Hazrat Jibreel (A.S) recited the Quran to Prophet (P.B.U.H), He (A.S) recited it in a certain way and also told Prophet (P.B.U.H) the ways in which it was permissible to recite the Quran.
Moreover, Allah orders us to recite the Quran with a recitation in Surah e Muzammil, which will only be possible when we will learn Tajweed to recite the Quran with proficiency and Excellency.
On another place in Quran Allah has addressed Prophet (P.B.U.H) and says :
“And recite the Quran with measured recitation”
The Prophet (P.B.U.H) also emphasized on learning of the Quran with excellence and said:
“Who excels in the Quran is associated with the noble and righteous angels”
So being a Muslim it is very important to learn Tajweed and recite Quran by following all the rules of Tajweed to get the true reward of recitation.
The purpose of Tajweed:
Quran is the book of Allah and its each syllable, letter and word is from Allah. So while reciting it great care should be taken to avoid any mistake and especially those mistakes which can change the meaning of the word of Allah. To save us from any such mistake Allah through Prophet (P.B.U.H) has made us learn the rules of Tajweed. The purpose of these rules is to make the reciter proficient in recitation. By following these rules we can recite the Quran according to the way of Prophet (P.B.U.H), who received it from Jibreel (A.S), who received it from Allah.
As a beginner, we can learn these rules by following the basic guide books available in the market like Noorani Qaida and other such books to have a strong grip on the basic rules of Tajweed.
Tajweed And Makharij:
The literal meaning of Makharij is “the place from where the sound of the letter originates”.
The basics of Tajweed lies in Makharij, the whole set of rules of Tajweed are based on Makharij and the right pronunciation of the words. In order to learn Tajweed proficiently, a learner first has a good knowledge of Makharij and their relation with right pronunciation of the words. So, to learn Tajweed with its true essence, it is necessary to know about the Makharij.
Following are the organs which are considered Makharij and through which we can differently pronounce the 29 letters of Arabic:
We can learn about the right pronunciation of these Arabic letters through the above Makharij by following different basic guide books for beginners like Noorani Qaida and others to have a strong foundation of Tajweed rules.
The Ruling of Reading with Tajweed:
While reciting Quran it is obligatory to apply the rules of Tajweed to keep away from the major mistakes in the recitation of the Quran. The scholars have divided such mistakes into two categories, in which one might fall if not properly following the rules of Tajweed, which are as follows:
- Hidden Mistakes
- Clear Mistakes
Hidden mistakes are those mistakes that a reciter makes due to a lack of knowledge or understanding of Tajweed rules. Such mistakes include; not exact elongation of letters, sounding light letters heavily, and heavy letters lightly. These mistakes can be avoided by learning the rules of Tajweed more thoroughly.
Clear mistakes are comparatively grave in nature; they can change the meaning of the word. They involve mispronunciation and mixing of words that would result in a change of their meaning. Clear mistakes include; changing one “ Harakah” into another, ignoring the elongations like Madd, and starting r stopping at wrong places resulting in the spoiling of meaning.
How Can We Learn Tajweed As A Beginner?
When we start learning Quran, like any other book we first learn its basics through different basic guide books designed to make the beginners learn the basic rules. Such guide books like Noorani Qaida, Yasser Al-Quran, and the others are designed to make the student learn that how to pronounce the words with Aarab. These guide books have short exercises on each Aarab and its pronunciation. These exercises on pronunciations of different Arabs and words provide the basis of Tajweed and make the learner enable to recite the Quran in the right way.